0%

Nginx学习日志 3

Nginx是异步框架的网页服务器,也可以用作反向代理、负载平衡器和HTTP缓存。

静态资源web服务器搭建

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
server {
listen 80;
server_name localhost;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

location / {
alias html;
index index.html index.htm;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}

主要配置server,location 指定对应的文件目录,建议使用alias,使用root,会将文件路径混入到文件路径中,开启gizp,可以减少传输文件大小

1
2
3
4
gip on; # 开启gizp
gipz_min_length 1; #最小文件
gipz_comp_level 2; #压缩级别
gizp_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml text/javascript application/x-httpd-php image/jpeg image/gif image/png #压缩文件类型,有些文件类型没有必要再进行压缩 .rar等

静态文件服务器

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
server{

...
alias html;
#开启文件目录
autoindex on;
#限制文件传输速度1k
set $limit_rate 1k;
...
}

access日志格式

1
2
3
4
5
#日志格式化
#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
#access_log logs/access.log main;

反向代理服务器

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
server {
server_name localhost;
listen 80

location / {
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;
proxy_set_header Host $host;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
proxy_set_header Cookie $http_cookie;
}

}

缓存服务器

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
proxy_cache_path /tmp/nginxcache levels=1:2 keys_zone=my_cache:10m max_size=10g
inactive=60m user_temp_path=off


server {
server_name localhost;
listen 80

location / {
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8080;
proxy_set_header Host $host;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
proxy_set_header Cookie $http_cookie;

proxy_cache my_cache;
proxy_cache_key $host$uri$is_args$args;
proxy_cache_valid 200 304 302 1d;
}

}

欢迎关注我的其它发布渠道